Significance and Meaning of 5 Days of Diwali

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Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is a five-day Hindu festival celebrated between mid-October and mid-November. Deepawali or Diwali is the biggest Hindu festival and celebrates the victory of good over evil and light over darkness.

The Festival of Lights marks the return of Rama to Ayodhya after the events of 14 years of Vanwas, another collaborator killing Narakasura, and the return of the Pandavas after 12 years. During this five-day festival, each marked with a different puja (prayer) and ritual, people send messages to Diwali wishing each other to show their love and kindness.


The first day of Diwali is known as Dhanteras. Dhanteras is considered to be one of the most auspicious days for Hindus to buy stocks, silver coins, gold, and vehicles. Dhanteras is commemorated as the birth of Lord Sri Dhanvantari, the incarnation of Lord Vishnu as the Physician of the Gods. It is common to buy gold or metal on this occasion, which in practice creates a busy market and congestion when everyone visits the market.

It is believed that this will bring wealth to our life. Lakshmi Pujan also takes place in the evening after buying gold or metal objects. Lighting Diyas in the house is another custom of the day as it is believed to protect the house from negative energies.

Naraka Chaturdasi

The second day of Diwali is celebrated with Lord Krishna’s victory over the demon Narakasura: the demon captured sixteen thousand princesses and killed the sages and gods. Lord Krishna killed him and freed the princesses: before he died, the demon sought mercy and was delivered from the horrors of hell. Lord Krishna says that whoever takes a bath on that day will be released. At night by turning on the light. This day is also called Chhoti Diwali or Little Diwali.


The third day of Diwali is known as Lakshmi Puja, the most important of the five-day festivals. Lakshmi Puja is dedicated to the goddess Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth, fortune, prosperity, and the embodiment of beauty. Small oil Diyas, candles, and Diwali decorative lights are placed around the house. Families exchange gifts and gather to distribute sweets. Where there is light there is happiness and positivity. Above all, this is the most important message about Diwali. Avoid evil and negativity of any kind and bring the joy of light and happiness into your life.

Govardhan Puja

The day after Diwali is the first of two sunny weeks. Mythologically, this day is often associated with several stories. From Bali’s defeat to the legend that Parvati defeated her husband Shiva to Lord Krishna to save the cowherd community, the day is celebrated for many reasons. In some Hindu sects, husbands give gifts to their wives on this day. In West and North India, Govardhan Puja is characterized by the worship of Lord Krishna to save herds of cows and farmers from flooding. This day also has an agricultural meaning.

Bhai Dooj

The final day of the five-day Diwali festival ends with Bhai Dooj, a day when sisters pray for their brothers and sisters for a long and happy life. Bhai Dooj is also called Yama Dwitiya, Bhai Tika, or Bhai Bij. Brothers and sisters share their love for each other with aarti, food, and gifts. After the Diwali festival, devotees of Hindu Ekadashi, also known as Prabodhini Ekadashi, celebrate on the eleventh day of the Hindu half month of Kartik.

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