What are 5 of the main symptoms of OCD?

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Approximately 2% of the world’s population suffers from a chronic anxiety disorder, where a person feels the urge to do something in response to an obsessive thought.


Uncontrollable and unreasonable recurring thoughts followed by a behavioral response are due to obsessive-compulsive disorder. Nobody knows what makes people do what they do, and this disorder interferes with their ability to live life normally.


OCD causes repetitive thoughts and irrational fears that drive the person to engage in repetitive behaviors. It can affect a person’s relationships, education and career. Both women and men suffer from OCD in equal numbers.


Nobody knows what causes OCD in some people. Many factors contribute to this type of behavior. They are:


  • Emotional trauma


  • History of abuse


  • Changes in living like divorce or new career


  • Illness


  • Low levels of serotonin


  • Relationship problems



Symptoms of OCD


OCD symptoms include both obsessions and compulsions. Some people may have only the obsession symptom or the compulsion symptom. They may not even realize that their symptoms are unreasonable, and it can interfere with their daily routine.


The most common obsessions and compulsions are:


Germs and contamination: OCD sufferers constantly worry about an unclean environment and things related to it like germs, dirt, contamination, and disease.


Organization and order: People with OCD go to extremes to have things in place and arrange them constantly, even when there is no need to do it. The disorder includes keeping things by color, groups, height, and alphabetically.


Fear of attack: OCD sufferers have anxiety and fear of being attacked by someone. Some even fear that they could become a victim of the crime.


Sexual or violent thoughts: Some people are disturbed by unstoppable thoughts and images that are sexual or violent. The thoughts distract the person and make it difficult to concentrate on any work or build a good relationship with family and friends.


Doubts: OCD sufferers have doubts about whether they completed a task well or not. They get doubts in their day-to-day activities like locking the door, closing the tap, or turning off the stove.



OCD can start at a young age or in adulthood. Initially, the symptoms are mild and vary in severity throughout the life of the person. For some people, it remains mild and manageable, while it is severe and unmanageable in others. Most OCD sufferers understand that their thoughts are not logical and try to disregard them.


Treatment for OCD




Different types of therapy like Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, anxiety treatment, family therapy, and exposure and response prevention therapy are available to treat OCD. Cognitive-behavioral therapy boosts confidence and builds real-world skills to manage OCD. Apart from this, Here on the Spectrum has a complete guide on the different aspects of aba jobs, so feel free to visit if you need any guidance regarding that.


Relaxation techniques


Yoga, meditation, breathing exercise, physical exercise can help to control obsessions and compulsions. Exercises act as a self-help strategy to reduce the frequency and symptoms of OCD. They help people to have control over their thoughts and actions.




Antidepressants are prescribed to increase the amount of serotonin in the brain and reduce obsessive thoughts and conclusive behavior. Sometimes antipsychotic drugs are given, but only on rare occasions.



Obsessive-compulsive disorder occurs at any age. Treating it at an early stage gives the best chance for quick and complete recovery. Today there are many high-quality OCD treatment programs to suit the needs of people, and the recovery chances are high.


Timely care and attention will help OCD sufferers to tackle the condition efficiently and enjoy a peaceful and healthy life.

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