Why Do Hindus Put on Tilak or Tika?

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Hindu tradition has given significance to varied indicators and symbols, which is why it’s a wealthy expertise, past a single faith or perception. One such image is the varied sized, formed, and coloured strains or dots the Hindus put on on their foreheads. This brow mark is named Tilak or tika.

The form and elegance of the Hindu brow mark rely on the sects and faith to which the particular person belongs. Relying on customs, Tilak or tika is used each in each day life and for particular functions: non secular ceremonies or visits to the temple.

Hindu Tika or Tilak

Tilak or Tika typically symbolizes the Third Eye, the attention of the internal thoughts, or the Ajna Chakra, considered one of seven chakras within the Human physique. Whether or not beauty model or one with a religious character, Tilak is a mark of identification. Each the priest, the ascetic, and the overall folks put on it with delight, symbolizing their Hindu origin.

Composition of Tilak

Tilak may be comprised of sandalwood paste, charcoal, purple lead, vibhuti, and sacred ash reserved for Hindu rites and sects. Tilak can also be composed of kumkum, comprised of turmeric or saffron. Vermilion or Sindur is one other reddish-colored merchandise that’s used and is comprised of turmeric, alum, or lime. Clay can also be typically used.

Turmeric and kumkum powder
Turmeric and kumkum powder

Why Do Hindus Put on Tilak or Tilak?

Hindus put Tilak on the brow for varied causes and on varied events. With every trigger, the kind, colour, and form of tika differ. Each Hindu women and men put on tika on their brow however for various causes and significance. Likewise, in historic occasions, members of royal dignitaries used to put on tilaks signifying their victory over their enemies. We’ll clarify some elementary causes behind sporting the tika within the Hindu faith.

Bindi - hindu woman forehead mark
Bindi – Brow Mark on Hindu Lady

1. To indicate the religious which means

The area on the brow between the 2 eyebrows the place the Tilak is utilized is named the placement of the sixth chakra, “ajna,” “third eye,” and the seat of “hidden knowledge.” In line with the followers of Tantrism, the third eye is the exit level of the kundalini energy. The Tilak is positioned there to protect and enhance the focus of this power and defend towards demons or dangerous luck.

The third eye is an indication of enlightenment; it symbolizes the awakening of psychological pictures and the data of refined, invisible issues. Subsequently, the Tilak is utilized exactly to the “third eye” in order that an individual within the course of of formality practices makes use of his third eye for its “goal.”

Hindu Forehead Mark- Ajna chakra
Tilak on the third eye – Ajna chakra

2. Ladies put on Bindi to represent their standing

Not like males, ladies put on Tilak on their brow within the type of a circle known as bindi within the Indian language and Tika in Nepali. Bindi is historically painted with sindoor or kumkum powder, however now they arrive in numerous sizes and colours, with sparkles and stones.

The phrase “bindi” comes from the Sanskrit “Bindu,” which interprets as a dot. Normally, the dot has a purple colour, which symbolizes love, honor, and prosperity in Hinduism. In one of many oldest texts, the Rigveda, Bindu is described because the place of creation and manifestation of cosmic unity.

Hindu Woman Wearing Bindi
Hindu Lady Carrying Bindi

Married ladies often put on purple bindi indicating love, prosperity, honor, the longevity of their husband’s life, and safety from the evil eye. Some put on a turmeric bindi (yellow), which has a twin which means; it may well point out that the lady is a widow or present that the household is mourning.

Right now, the bindi has turn out to be a part of make-up, it doesn’t need to be purple, and the colour may be matched to the tone of the apparel.

3. For the security of youngsters

A black Tilak manufactured from kajal is utilized on the brow of youngsters and infants to guard them from the evil eye or detrimental energies.

4. To mark varied ceremonies

From historic occasions, Tilak symbolized completely different meanings and events. Tilak is talked about in lots of historic legends: for instance, this signal may turn out to be fiery amongst heroes or, quite the opposite, be erased from the brow as an indicator of final despair and disappointment.

Additionally, some tilaks may be utilized on particular events, equivalent to profitable a conflict, receiving essential friends, or coronation. So, the so-called raja-tilak is used within the final two instances, which is a purple vertical line on the brow.

Right now, the signal will not be essentially related to a non secular custom; it may well have an aesthetic or social operate. Throughout wedding ceremony ceremonies, Tilak is historically utilized to the foreheads of the spouses and family members. It may be used as an indication of greeting friends; with its assist, they present the hosts’ favor.

5. Identification of faith

Hindu dharma is a set of a number of philosophies, non secular sects, gods, and goddesses. Using Tilak may be various; the followers of a selected sect have their identification marks, which differ each in locations of utility and in colour.

Worshipers of Lord Shiva and Shakti

Hindu Priest Vibhuti
supply – dandapaniphotography.com

Followers of Shaivism (Lord Shiva) apply Tilak within the type of three horizontal strains. This tilak is known as tripundra. Tripundra is an emblem of the construction of the world and the essence of the God Shiva.

Followers of Shaktism (Goddess Parvati) apply Tilak within the type of a dot or a purple vertical line. They apply a purple dot or vertical line comprised of kumkum or purple turmeric powder in the course of the brow or rather than the third eye. It symbolizes the power of Shakti.

Worshipers of Lord Vishnu

Vaishnavism followers draw Tilak within the type of the letter U or V. The identify of such a tilak is “Urdhva-pundra,” two parallel strains connecting on the backside symbolize the foot of God Vishnu.

Vaishnava priest
picture supply – wikimedia.org

Vaishnavas use clay from the holy rivers like Yamuna, Ganga, and Kali Gandaki or holy locations of pilgrimage like the town of Vrindavan, Muktinath, and Pashupatinath of Nepal, for making use of Tilak. If two strains be a part of within the center and a tulsi or holy basil leaf is depicted on the nostril, that is the custom of Gaudiya Vaishnavas.

Worshipers of Lord Krishna

Followers of Lord Krishna or Madhva sampradaya make Tilak with two vertical strains representing Krishna’s toes and a black line from coal of yajna Kunda (Hearth sacrifice) between them. A yellow or red-colored dot is usually positioned underneath the black line symbolizing the Goddess Lakshmi or Radha.

Vertical Traces of Tilak

The vertical strains of Tilak in Vaishnavism and Shaivism are related to completely different trinity symbols. The three vertical strains symbolize,

  • The three supreme gods – Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva.
  • The three sacred Vedic texts – Rigveda, Yajurveda, and Samaveda;
  • Three sounds of the sacred word and the symbol OM – a, u, m;
  • Three states of consciousness – wakefulness, sleep, and deep sleep;
  • Three kinds of actuality – Maya (phantasm or attachment), Brahman (Supreme existence), and Atman (Self-existence).

Nimbarka Sampradaya – Followers of the Nimbarka Sampradaya apply Tilak manufactured from a particular yellow gopi-Chandana clay within the type of two parallel strains and a black dot within the center. The strains point out the temple of God.

Pushtimarga Sampradaya – Followers of the Pushtimarga custom put on the tika as a single vertical purple line, symbolizing Yamuna Devi.


Making use of tika on the brow is often the apply adopted by Hindu followers in India, Nepal, and several other different nations. However the custom is slowly disappearing and being changed by modernity. Right now sporting tika in numerous types could have turn out to be a part of make-up equipment, nevertheless it has its religious significance, which we should always concentrate on.

Folks, particularly new era youth, have forgotten the true which means of sporting a Tilak, and lots of don’t even know why they put a tika or Tilak on their brow. Tika at the moment has simply turn out to be a part of the exercise after puja (worship within the temple), whereas it needs to be part of our each day lives.

(Final Up to date On: June 24, 2022)

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