6 months of Russia’s struggle in Ukraine, by the numbers : NPR

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6 months of Russia's struggle in Ukraine, by the numbers : NPR 1

A funeral procession in Lviv, Ukraine, in March ends at grave websites the place troopers Viktor Dudar, 44, and Ivan Koverznev, 24, might be buried, as clergymen say their blessings and mourners look on.

Claire Harbage/NPR


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A funeral procession in Lviv, Ukraine, in March ends at grave websites the place troopers Viktor Dudar, 44, and Ivan Koverznev, 24, might be buried, as clergymen say their blessings and mourners look on.

Claire Harbage/NPR

KYIV, Ukraine — Six months in the past, Russia launched a full-scale invasion of neighboring Ukraine. The half-year mark comes on the identical day — Aug. 24 — as a nationwide vacation celebrating Ukraine’s independence from the Soviet Union, an occasion in 1991 famous for its lack of bloodshed. Right this moment the vacation takes on new which means for a lot of Ukrainians, because the nation continues to battle in what it calls a brand new “struggle for independence.”

Over the course of six months, the struggle has captured the world’s consideration, disrupted the global distribution of meals and gasoline and left the nation reeling. To grasp a few of the struggle’s affect on Ukraine, listed here are six key numbers:

1. Over 13 million Ukrainians have been displaced

A girl and her daughter take a practice out of Lviv towards Poland in March, leaving her husband behind on the platform.

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A girl and her daughter take a practice out of Lviv towards Poland in March, leaving her husband behind on the platform.

Claire Harbage/NPR

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has prompted Europe’s largest refugee crisis since World Struggle II. Since February, greater than 13 million folks have been pressured to flee their properties, based on the United Nations refugee company, UNHCR. Almost 6.7 million refugees have dispersed throughout Europe, with Poland taking within the largest share. One other 6.6 million people are internally displaced inside Ukraine.

Most Ukrainians who’ve fled the nation are ladies and youngsters, because the government has barred males ages 18 to 60 from leaving. The European Union’s migration division says almost 500,000 Ukrainian kids have been built-in into faculties in EU international locations.

Ukrainians displaced by struggle pour out of the Lviv practice station in March.

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Ukrainians displaced by struggle pour out of the Lviv practice station in March.

Claire Harbage/NPR

In the meantime, because the struggle has stretched on and shifted course, many Ukrainians are going again house. In accordance with a survey by the Worldwide Group for Migration, 5.5 million previously displaced people have returned house.

2. Tens of 1000’s of troopers and civilians might have misplaced their lives within the struggle

The mom (middle) of Ukrainian journalist-turned-soldier Viktor Dudar grieves at his grave as he is laid to relaxation in Lviv in March, as a few of the first lifeless troopers’ our bodies are returned house.

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The mom (middle) of Ukrainian journalist-turned-soldier Viktor Dudar grieves at his grave as he is laid to relaxation in Lviv in March, as a few of the first lifeless troopers’ our bodies are returned house.

Claire Harbage/NPR

Either side have reported dropping army personnel for the reason that invasion started in February. Precise figures are exhausting to come back by, since every nation is reluctant to confess losses and infrequently inflates the variety of enemy fighters they’ve killed.

Gen. Valeriy Zaluzhny, commander-in-chief of the Ukrainian Armed forces, said this week at a public discussion board that Ukraine has misplaced 9,000 army personnel. The Ukrainian army has also claimed to have killed or wounded 45,200 Russian army personnel, with the most important losses within the japanese Donetsk and southern Mykolaiv areas.

In the meantime, the U.N. human rights office has documented almost 5,600 civilians killed in Ukraine in the course of the battle however believes the precise toll is way greater.

A soldier’s funeral in Lviv in March, as a few of the first lifeless troopers’ our bodies are returned house.

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A soldier’s funeral in Lviv in March, as a few of the first lifeless troopers’ our bodies are returned house.

Claire Harbage/NPR

Russia has been releasing scant data on army casualties. Officers there mentioned 1,351 of their very own troopers died within the first weeks of the struggle, in March, however haven’t launched up to date information since. Impartial Russian information outlet iStories says it counted (by way of open-source data) more than 5,000 Russian service members killed, however that the true quantity could possibly be greater.

In March, Russian army officers estimated Ukrainian losses at round 14,000 killed and 16,000 out of motion.

3. Russia occupies 20% of Ukrainian land

A person herds sheep in Kherson area, close to Crimea, in February. The world is now occupied by Russia.

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A person herds sheep in Kherson area, close to Crimea, in February. The world is now occupied by Russia.

Claire Harbage/NPR

In 2014, Russia invaded and annexed the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine. Quickly Russian-backed militants declared their intent to separate from Ukraine within the nation’s far east, launching a battle that is been locked in a stalemate for almost eight years.

In February, Russians controlled round 17,000 sq. miles of Ukrainian land, based on Ukraine’s mission to the U.N. — Crimea being the dimensions of Maryland and the self-proclaimed unbiased “republics” in Ukraine’s east amounting to a territory about the dimensions of New Jersey.

Six months into the full-scale invasion, Russia has expanded its territory in Ukraine virtually threefold. In June, Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskyy mentioned Russia has occupied 20% of the country, or about 47,000 sq. miles. That is a territory in regards to the size of New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Delaware and far of Maryland mixed.

The road of contact between Russian and Ukrainian forces extends 570 miles, as of Monday.

4. Dozens of nations have pledged billions of {dollars} in army support for the reason that struggle started

Ukrainian servicemen put together to fireplace at Russian positions from a U.S.-supplied M777 howitzer in Kharkiv area, Ukraine, July 14. Weapons provided by Western international locations have considerably boosted the Ukrainian army’s functionality.

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Ukrainian servicemen put together to fireplace at Russian positions from a U.S.-supplied M777 howitzer in Kharkiv area, Ukraine, July 14. Weapons provided by Western international locations have considerably boosted the Ukrainian army’s functionality.

Evgeniy Maloletka/AP

Dozens of countries have supplied Ukraine with army help, together with weapons programs and coaching. The majority of the help has come from the U.S. With President Biden’s announcement Wednesday of one other $3 billion, Washington has now dedicated $10.6 billion in security aid since Russia’s February invasion. Billions extra might be coming from an support package deal handed in Might.

On Ukrainian battlefields, Australia has develop into synonymous with the 88 armored vehicles it is supplied, Turkey is thought for its roughly 80 combat drones, Britain for the 22,000 troopers it trained. Different international locations have supplied logistical help, just like the 3.2 million gallons of diesel and jet gasoline Slovakia supplied.

In terms of financial warfare, EU member states plus one other 18 international locations have levied individual sanctions in opposition to Russia prior to now six months. However specialists warn the sanctions might have a restricted impact on Russia’s export potential, as two-thirds of the world’s inhabitants is concentrated within the international locations which have both stayed impartial or supported Russia, based on the Economist Intelligence Unit.

5. Ukraine’s financial system might shrink by as a lot as 45% due to the invasion

A broken house in Moshchun, which is tucked right into a forest simply northwest of Ukraine’s capital, in April. Earlier than the Russian invasion, it was a slice of pastoral suburbia, the place urbanites had their nation cottages and retirees constructed their dream properties for his or her golden years.

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A broken house in Moshchun, which is tucked right into a forest simply northwest of Ukraine’s capital, in April. Earlier than the Russian invasion, it was a slice of pastoral suburbia, the place urbanites had their nation cottages and retirees constructed their dream properties for his or her golden years.

Claire Harbage/NPR

The invasion has devastated Ukraine’s financial system throughout the board. The World Bank estimated in April that the Ukrainian financial system might shrink by 45% this 12 months. Final week, Ukraine’s economy minister said the nation’s gross home product of $200.9 billion in 2021 is prone to contract between 35% and 40% by the top of the 12 months.

The battle has value Ukraine over $113.5 billion in injury, the Kyiv School of Economics says, with housing and transportation infrastructure hit notably exhausting. KSE says the nation will want upwards of $200 billion to recuperate.

The Lebanese-flagged bulk provider Courageous Commander is loaded with wheat on the port of Pivdennyi, close to the Ukrainian metropolis of Odesa, on Aug. 14. The wheat is destined for Ethiopia, because of a deal permitting meals shipments to depart Ukraine’s ports.

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The Lebanese-flagged bulk provider Courageous Commander is loaded with wheat on the port of Pivdennyi, close to the Ukrainian metropolis of Odesa, on Aug. 14. The wheat is destined for Ethiopia, because of a deal permitting meals shipments to depart Ukraine’s ports.

Valentyn Ogirenko/Reuters

In the meantime, Reuters studies that Ukraine’s Agriculture Ministry says grain exports are down 46% from final 12 months as a consequence of a five-month blockade of the nation’s Black Sea ports. And regardless of a U.N.-brokered deal reached in July to permit meals shipments to depart Ukraine, the agriculture sector remains to be anticipated to take an enormous hit. The nation’s steel industry has additionally taken a beating.

Ukraine has a number of pals all through the world who’re attempting to assist hold its financial system afloat. The U.S. alone has already pledged $8.5 billion in financial assistance to Kyiv this 12 months to maintain authorities places of work open and staffed and utilities working. In the meantime, the European Union has given billions of euros to Ukraine since February, and has just lately usual a package deal to offer 8 billion euros extra in monetary support over the following six months.

6. Bake gross sales, spare change and “St. Javelin” have raised over $500 million in personal cash to assist Ukraine

A mural generally known as St. Javelin — exhibiting a meme of the Virgin Mary cradling a U.S.-made anti-tank Javelin launcher — on the wall of an residence constructing in Kyiv on Might 24.

Oleksii Chumachenko/SOPA Pictures/LightRocket by way of Getty Pictures


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A mural generally known as St. Javelin — exhibiting a meme of the Virgin Mary cradling a U.S.-made anti-tank Javelin launcher — on the wall of an residence constructing in Kyiv on Might 24.

Oleksii Chumachenko/SOPA Pictures/LightRocket by way of Getty Pictures

In February, a Canadian-Ukrainian author, Christian Borys, and California artist Chris Shaw created a meme of a girl showing just like the Virgin Mary holding a rocket launcher. Borys known as it “St. Javelin,” after the U.S.-supplied anti-tank missiles. Since then, he is shaped the meme right into a model that has offered greater than $3 million price of stickers and different merchandise to assist Ukraine.

Borys’ initiative is certainly one of lots of prefer it.

In June, Ukrainian TV character Serhiy Prytula requested his followers to purchase him a Turkish-made drone priced at $5 million. He ended up raising $55 million. Baykar, the corporate that makes the drone, refused to take the cash. As an alternative, the corporate donated three drones. In August, Prytula used the funds he raised to buy a reconnaissance satellite tv for pc for Ukrainian intelligence.

As of July, Ukraine’s Nationwide Financial institution reports to have collected $530 million in donations for the Ukrainian army — largely from folks rounding up at store money registers and fundraisers within the nation. On Tuesday, residents of the small western Ukrainian city of Dubno raised $866.55 at a bake sale and flea marketplace for the army.

New graves and freshly dug holes for Ukrainian troopers line the sting of a cemetery in Kyiv on Aug. 24.

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New graves and freshly dug holes for Ukrainian troopers line the sting of a cemetery in Kyiv on Aug. 24.

Claire Harbage/NPR

Julian Hayda reported from Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ashley Westerman from Lviv and Elissa Nadworny from Kyiv. Polina Lytvynova contributed to this report.



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