Facts About Surrogacy (Substitute Mothers) You Should Know
Surrogacy is a surrogate mother, meaning an agreement made by a husband and wife who cannot have children with a woman or mother who can bear children from the husband and wife’s seeds.
Usually, the wife cannot get pregnant because there are problems in the uterus, while the egg is not a problem. Likewise, the husband’s sperm is normal, and there are no problems. Here are five scientific facts about surrogacy agency that you should know.
1. The legal surrogacy process can be very complicated and expensive
It is a struggle full of emotion for some married couples who want to have children but are medically considered unable to. The causes are many; it can be due to problems with the uterus, sperm, and hormones, to other medical problems that even cause infertility. This is where the role of a surrogate mother can help realize the dream of a married couple who cannot have children. Surrogacy fees range from 95,000 – 150,000 US dollars. This price excludes other costs that may be incurred.
The process is also not easy. The husband and wife will have a complete medical examination, and administrative requirements must also be complete because each country has different procedures for surrogacy. Usually, some countries enforce strict rules regarding surrogacy. Surrogacy in America, for example, is only allowed to American citizens. However, each country’s regulations may vary.
2. Surrogacy is illegal in some countries
Indeed in this world, not all countries can legalize surrogacy. Some countries that do not legalize surrogacy are France, Malaysia, Indonesia, Germany, Italy, Spain, Bulgaria, and several countries in Latin America. Meanwhile, countries that legalize surrogacy and have a solid legal umbrella are the United States, England, Denmark, Belgium, and Ireland. Each country has its considerations of surrogacy, and of course, also based on the laws that apply in those countries.
3. Surrogacy is similar to IVF, but there are fundamental differences
Biologically, the child conceived by the surrogate mother is not the child of the surrogate mother. This is because the embryo implanted in her uterus results from an IVF fertilization between a husband and a legal wife, as reviewed in Usatoday.com. The process is the same as in IVF, but the embryo is implanted in another woman’s womb. Until now, the procedure for surrogacy worldwide is almost the same, namely implanting an embryo fertilized by a husband and wife and implanted in another woman’s womb as a surrogate mother. Stringent procedures and rules are needed to protect users’ rights to these surrogacy services. That is why not everyone can follow the surrogacy program because there will be tests and legal procedures that are pretty tiring.
4. The problem arises when the surrogate mother has too strong an inner bond with the child she is carrying
This issue has made many countries disapprove of surrogacy. Many countries view that the struggle of a pregnant woman will make her the same as her biological mother. However, many countries also view that a mother is not only judged by biological problems. There is an inner bond, an inescapable psychological bond between the surrogate mother and the baby she is carrying, even though it is not her biological child. For European countries that still hold firmly to customs and religion, Italy, for example, considers surrogacy a forbidden act that is not sanctioned by religion. The court will decide the firmness of the law if there are citizens who carry out surrogacy anywhere.
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